Chiropteran and Filoviruses in Africa: Unveiling an ancient history

Chiropteran and Filoviruses in Africa: Unveiling an ancient history

Massamba Sylla, Xavier Pourrut, Malick Diatta, Bernard Marcel Diop, Mady Ndiaye, Jean Paul Gonzalez

African Journal of Microbiology Research, Vol. 9(22), pp. 1446-1472, 3 June, 2015

Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus belong to the Filovirus family and are responsible for hemorrhagic fevers in Africa. The first documented Filovirus outbreak in Africa occurred in Central Africa and was attributed to Ebolavirus species. In the last four decades, Filoviral hemorrhagic fevers (FHFs) outbreaks caused by Ebola and Marburg viruses have been on the increase in Africa. The 2013-2015 outbreak has been the largest outbreak in human and has had the most devastating human and economic impact. Epidemics usually originate from a primary single introduction of the virus into simian or human population followed by an interspecies spill over. READ MORE…

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