Nomenclature-and Database-Compatible Names for the Two Ebola Virus Variants that Emerged in Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2014

Nomenclature-and Database-Compatible Names for the Two Ebola Virus Variants that Emerged in Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2014

Jens H. Kuhn, Nicolas Berthet, Martin Gabriel, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Stephan Günther, Jimmy Kapetshi, Gary Kobinger, Gael Darren Maganga , Magassouba N’Faly, Daniel J. Park, Janusz T. Paweska, Pardis C. Sabeti, Robert Swanepoel, Jonathan S. Towner, Nathan L. Yozwiak, Kristian G. Andersen, Olga Blinkova, Robert F. Garry, Placide K. Mbala, Stuart T. Nichol, John S. Schieffelin, and Pierre Formenty, Sylvain Baize, J. Rodney Brister, Stephen K. Gire, Christian T. Happi, Peter B. Jahrling, Jeffrey R. Kugelman, Lina M. Moses, Sunday A. Omilabu, Gustavo Palacios, Sheli R. Radoshitzky, Randal J. Schoepp 5, Jiro Wada

viruses www.mdpi.com/journal/viruses ISSN 1999-4915

Abstract: In 2014, Ebola virus (EBOV) was identified as the etiological agent of a large and still expanding outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa and a much more confined EVD outbreak in Middle Africa. Epidemiological and evolutionary analyses confirmed that all cases of both outbreaks are connected to a single introduction each of EBOV into human populations and that both outbreaks are not directly connected. Coding-complete genomic sequence analyses of isolates revealed that the two outbreaks were caused by two novel EBOV variants, and initial clinical observations suggest that neither of them should be considered strains. Here we present consensus decisions on naming for both variants (West Africa: “Makona”, Middle Africa: “Lomela”) and provide database-compatible full, shortened, and abbreviated names that are in line with recently established filovirus sub-species nomenclatures. READ MORE…

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